It’s Not Diabetes Yet
What You Need to Know to Prevent Diabetes
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) estimates that 29.1 million Americans have diabetes, of which 21 million have been diagnosed. That means 8.1 million Americans are unaware they have diabetes. Additionally, 86 million Americans have prediabetes, a condition where the blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diabetes. This is up by 10 million in just two years.
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or sugar, levels are too high. Insulin is the hormone that takes the sugar from the blood into the cells. Diabetes occurs when insulin production fails and the glucose builds up in the blood rather than being delivered to the cells.
The prevalence and early onset of prediabetes is a concern of our providers because long-term damage to the heart and circulatory system may already be occurring. Left untreated, prediabetes typically leads to Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes.
Risk Factors for Prediabetes & Diabetes
- Over age 45
- Physical inactivity
- Family history of diabetes
- Low HDL (good) cholesterol or high triglycerides
- High blood pressure
- African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans/ Pacific Islanders
Early discovery of prediabetes through testing may help delay or prevent the onset of Type 2 diabetes through reduction in risk factors like adopting a more healthy diet, increasing exercise, and weight loss.
Annual check-ups and lifestyle changes are your best defense against diabetes; however, we encourage you to talk to your primary care provider (PCP) about your concerns.
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