Diabetes is a Lifelong Condition Marked by High Levels of Sugar in the Blood
There are three major types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood. Many patients are diagnosed when they are older than age 20. With type 1 diabetes, the body makes little or no insulin. Daily injections of insulin are needed. The exact cause is unknown. Genetics, viruses, and autoimmune problems may play a role.
- Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1. It makes up most of diabetes cases. It usually occurs in adulthood, but young people are increasingly being diagnosed with this disease. The pancreas does not make enough insulin to keep blood glucose levels normal, often because the body does not respond well to insulin. Many people with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it, although it is a serious condition. Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common due to increasing obesity and failure to exercise.
- Gestational diabetes is high blood glucose that develops at any time during pregnancy in a woman who does not have diabetes. Women who have gestational diabetes are at high risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease later in life.
Diabetes affects more than 20 million Americans. More than 40 million Americans have prediabetes (early type 2 diabetes).
There are many risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including:
- Age over 45 years
- A parent, brother, or sister with diabetes
- Gestational diabetes or delivering a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
- Heart disease
- High blood cholesterol level
- Not getting enough exercise
- Polycystic ovary disease (in women)
- Previous impaired glucose tolerance
- Some ethnic groups (particularly African Americans, Native Americans, Asians, Pacific Islanders, and Hispanic Americans)
For more information
- See how Wheaton Franciscan’s Diabetes Management Program can help you manage your diabetes and keep your life on track.
- We encourage you to call us at (262) 687-6345 for an initial visit and the opportunity to tour our facilities and our staff. We welcome virtually all insurance plans and offer reasonable costs for self-pay patients.
- Colleen Kristbaum and patient Sandra Exford talk about the impact of Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare’s Diabetes Management Program on WUWM’s Lake Effect. To hear their interview, click here. Colleen Kristbaum, Director of Clinical Nutrition at Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare was interviewed on Fox 6 for Diabetes Awareness Month.
- Take a risk assessment at www.diabetes.org.
Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare – All Saints
3807 Spring Street
Racine, WI 53405